While it is understood that God has always used gifted women to teach, preach, prophesy, and minister, the scriptures do make a clear distinction in the spiritual roles of men and women.
This list of Bible facts is not meant as a complete argument for or against the ordination of women, but rather to provide a big-picture panorama of biblical benchmarks to help those researching the matter for themselves.
1). Following sin in the garden of Eden, God established male spiritual leadership within the family and church. See Genesis 3:16; 1 Timothy 2:13.
2). Only men were ever authorized to officiate in the offering of sacrifice. See Genesis 8:20; Job 1:5; Hebrews 11:4.
3). While the Lord called on the entire nation of Israel to be a kingdom of priests, only men were appointed to serve as priests for the sanctuary. See Exodus 12:3; 29:10.
4). Only men were anointed by God to serve as kings of Israel and Judah. One woman tried to forcibly install herself as a queen by killing her grandsons; she was later executed. See 2 Kings 11:1-13.
5). The New Testament begins by tracing the genealogy of Jesus through the male lineage. (Four famous women are mentioned in connection with their husbands.) See Matthew 1:1.
6). While Jesus desired that women share the gospel, He called only men to serve in the capacity of apostle. When Judas died, his replacement was chosen from among two men. See Mark 3:14; Acts 1:21.
7). While both men and women were baptized, only men are recorded as performing baptisms. See Acts 8:12; Acts 8:38.
8). The first seven deacons ordained to administrate and preach were all men. See Acts 6:3.
9). As Paul went from town to town appointing/ordaining elders, he chose only men. See 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:5.
10). While two books in the Bible are named after women, most commentators agree all the books in the Bible were written by men. See 2 Peter 1:21.
11). There are seven examples in Scripture of women giving birth in connection with a miracle; all these miracle babies were male children who typified Christ. The mothers are Hannah, Sarah, Rebekah, Rachael, Manoah’s wife, the Shunammite women, and Elizabeth.
12). All patriarchal blessings were passed down from the fathers to the sons. See Genesis 27:4; Genesis 48:9.